1795 - 1825
- Land Records
- A patent was a confirmation of land ownership granted to a settler after he or she had fulfilled all obligations with respect to the land--that is, the settler has cleared the land, put up a certain number of buildings, completed road work, etc.
- If the settler received the land as a free land grant, there would have been no patent.
- Patents were not issued at the time of the grant; they were issued after the settlement agreement was complete. The process could take years to complete; do not limit your search too narrowly.
- The patents are available on microfilm at the Archives of Ontario in Toronto. Before you go, consult their:
- Research Guide 225, Researching Crown Land Records (opens as a 12-page pdf file).
- Pathfinder to Land Patents (opens as a 2-page pdf file).
- Research Guide 215, From Grant to Patent: A Guide to Early Land Settlement Records, ca.1790 to ca.1850 (opens as a 17-page pdf file).